Say jewellery and most people think of beautiful sparkling diamonds. Their desirability and beauty is unquestionable. Diamonds are the hardest mineral on earth and are mined in countries such as Ghana, Zaire, Brazil, Australia and USA. Nearly all diamonds have varying hints of yellow caused by the presence of nitrogen during their formation. There are also incredibly rare diamonds, which vary in colour from yellow and brown to pink and blue which are known as fancies. A diamond's quality is graded by the four C's.
- Carat is the weight of the diamond and should not be mistaken for the size of the stone or gold carats.
- Clarity describes how free the diamond is from inclusions, the type, positions and amount of inclusions. Inclusions are the naturally occurring flaws found in a diamond.
- Colour is graded using the GIA (Gemmological Institute of America) colour guide on how close a diamond is to being colourless.
- Shape and quality are the two aspects that are considered when discussing the cut of a diamond. The most popular cut is the round brilliant cut.
Diamonds are believed to represent eternity, courage and health. For most customers, buying a diamond or piece of diamond jewellery is a very special and emotional purchase, especially when buying a diamond engagement ring. For more information on diamonds, visit our diamond buyer's guide.
Moh hardness: 10 (1 softest to 10 hardest)
To avoid dulling your diamond's optimum fire and natural brilliance, it is best to remove any jewellery when using skin oils, soaps and cosmetics. The best way to keep your diamond jewellery looking pristine is to occasionally polish it gently with a soft, dry jewellery cloth. Although diamonds are very durable, we recommend removing your diamond jewellery when carrying out strenuous work or activities to avoid it being chipped by a hard knock. To avoid tiny scratches, it is advisable to store your diamond jewellery in separate pouches from other diamonds and jewellery. It is also important to ensure that your diamond does not come into contact with chlorine bleach as this can damage the setting. Visit your local Ernest Jones store annually to have your diamond jewellery checked for weakened or bent claws.